Women of Iran: Heroes of the Year 2022

The World Bank and International Labour Organization have different data on recent female employment; the ILO reports an employment rate of 17.1 percent which is considerably higher than that of the World Bank. After the death of Ayatollah Khomeini, many of the restrictions on women were lifted.

The country has faced skyrocketing prices and housing costs and high unemployment. By early October, labor groups, including some in the strategic oil sector, had begun to take a prominent role in the protests.

One gauge of the hypocrisy of the Iranian regime is that there are credible reports that it is enforcing its supposedly strict moral code by arresting women and girls accused of advocating immodesty, and then sexually assaulting them. A relative’s daughter told me that every day in her eighth-grade classroom someone scrawled a chant on the blackboard, and one girl even had the courage to ask what dictator meant. They’re all on Snapchat and can peer into the lives of their cousins around the world, acutely aware they’re the only ones who have to wear a school uniform that includes a hooded headscarf, as though they are Benedictine nuns. A woman’s tattoo reads, “Woman, Life, Freedom.” Tattoos are not illegal in Iran but are frowned upon by the religious authorities. Some tattoo artists work for free these days, inking slogans into protesters’ arms. Nowadays in Iran, women drop their hijabs to show their solidarity with protesters.

  • They have released dispatches regarding women’s rights and human rights in Iran and continue to provide updates on the ever-changing situation.
  • More than four decades later, Iranians are desperately trying to pull themselves out of that well, led by schoolgirls who persevere despite the threat of arrests, torture and execution.
  • Mahsa “Zina” Amini, whose death in custody 40 days earlier had sparked an outpouring of public grief and outrage that has evolved into a mass movement.
  • Woman argued that being forced to wear the veil was a violation of their freedom and even a symbol of their inferiority.
  • Its dealings in Iran were featured in aDecember 2021 report from IPVM, a company that tracks the surveillance and security industry.

Iran requires modest dress for both men and women, though women face more restrictions. News Corp is a global, diversified media and information services company focused on creating and distributing authoritative and engaging content and other products and services. To all the brave and beautiful people out there who know what freedom feels like, be our voice. MENASourceMENASource MENASource offers the latest news from across the Middle East, combined with commentary by contributors, interviews with emerging players, multi-media content, and independent analysis from fellows and staff. Inflection PointsInflection Points A weekly column by Atlantic Council President and CEO Frederick Kempe, Inflection Points focuses on the global challenges facing the United States and how to best address them. Fast ThinkingFast Thinking When major global news breaks, the Atlantic Council’s experts have you covered—delivering their sharpest rapid insight and forward-looking analysis direct to your inbox. This includes learning about the values, beliefs and challenges that women are facing all over the world and the ways these challenges can be highlighted and addressed using online platforms.

According to reports, Monday’s execution victim was a 23-year-old man apparently forced to confess he’d killed two members of the paramilitary militia force. His mother was called on the phone and told the coordinates to the plot where he’d been buried, according to reports. After a person dies, Shia Muslim custom calls for chehelom, a day to remember the dead 40 days after their passing. That tradition is now fueling protests in Iran, as remembrance of each of the more than 500 people killed since the death of Masha Amini triggers new waves of outcry. In his recent bookThe Age of Digital Repression, Feldstein argues that authoritarian countries have largely managed to counteract the momentum of internet-enabled protest movements. “They have adapted and are using new tools to strengthen their hold on power,” Feldstein writes. Iranian president Ebrahim Raisiintroduced additional hijab and chastity restrictions in August.

For example, in 1963, the Shah granted female suffrage, and soon after women were elected to the Majlis and the upper house, and appointed as judges and ministers in the cabinet. In 1967 Iranian family law was also reformed which improved the position of women in Iranian society. It was included in the civil code and was designed to protect wives, children and female divorcees. The general thrust of the reforms was to promote equality between men and women in society. Sima Bahar in an article titled, A Historical Background to the Women’s Movement in Iran identified that the constitutional revolution period was the first occasion women participated with men in public action.

In Iran, news of students being killed or detained—often during raids of all-girls schools suspected of defying the hijab law—has catalyzed the teachers union to go on strike and demand the resignation of the education minister. Women’s involvement in mass movements also allows activists to gain access to social levers of change that women influence within their families and communities, where they can draw on different networks and norms than those dominated by men.

A least known Russian journalist also received the ‘influential woman’ award, while many top female journalists in Iran are in prison, stressed the report by Rouydad 24. A summary of global news developments with CFR analysis delivered to your inbox each morning.Most weekdays. Joshua Kurlantzick analyzes China’s attempts to become a media, information, and influence superpower, seeking for the first time to shape the domestic politics, local media, and information environments of the United States, East Asia, parts of Europe, and the broader world. In July, three Christian converts were sentenced to lengthy imprisonment on this basis. People born to parents classified as Muslim by the authorities remained at risk of arbitrary detention, torture or the death penalty for “apostasy” if they adopted other religions or atheist beliefs. Military exemption cards issued to gay and transgender individuals indirectly disclosed their sexual orientation or gender identity without their consent, putting them at risk of violence.

Women in Iran

In September 2019, a young woman, Sahar Khodayari, died after setting herself on fire to protest a prohibition on women attending soccer matches. Later in 2019 and in 2020, demonstrations over gasoline prices grew into nationwide anti-government protests concentrated in smaller cities and rural areas. However, these two types of protests, one prompted by gender apartheid and the other stemming from economic grievances, remained largely separate. A long standing defender of women’s rights, she was arrested and sentenced to death for participating in political demonstrations in 1981 while still a student. Her difficulties with the authorities didn’t end there, as she was prevented from obtaining her license to practice the law for a long time after graduation.

Iranian American women in Colorado reflect on the unrest in Iran

Women deemed violators of the law can lose access to banks, public transportation, and other essential government services. A database maintained by the nonprofit United for Iran of more than 5,000 people imprisoned since 2011 indicates https://gardeniaweddingcinema.com/arabian-women/iran-women/ it was already not uncommon for violation of hijab rules to lead to years in prison. Decades ago, Iranian law required women to take off headscarves in line with modernization plans, with police sometimes forcing women to do so.

Following months of protests, authorities are shifting tactics on how they enforce a law requiring women to cover their head in public in an attempt to weaken the support for the antigovernment movement. These girls are very aware of the weight of their gesture, giving the middle finger to the Islamic Republic’s system of chastity laws and morality policing, which have demanded total obedience from them and their mothers for over forty-three years now. The government has responded by arresting these young girls and sending them for “psychiatric evaluation.” Despite the growing cost of their protest, they continue to stand with their hair down, middle fingers in the air, while burning portraits of the Supreme Leader.

Rift Between Iran, West Growing As More Sanctions Are Imposed

For now, the regional and wider reverberations of Iranian girls’ revolt could not be more seismic. In neighboring Iraq and Afghanistan, countries where violence against women is endemic, activists have held up posters of their Iranian sisters. Feminists across the globe, especially in Europe and Latin America, see the outcome in Iran as a bellwether for their own struggles. No one, not the officials in Iran nor governments around the world who’ve made hostility to women a brand of politics, saw the power of a girl standing on a utility box, demanding to be left alone.